Corinna has travelled to Guatemala the first time in 2014.

The village Santa Maria de Jesus is about 10 km from the city of Antigua,

it is located under the slopes of Volcán de Agua. This town has a height of 2,070 meters above sea level.

Corinna been to visit the square market on tuesday.

Women, children, girls...a lot of smiles everywhere,

younger women they were not afraid about the camera,

other way old women didn't like to make pictures and many times they covered their faces.

 

In Santa Maria de Jesus Corinna found many traditional hand embroidered fabric, 

the same women told her the origin of each fabric:

_Quiché _Chela _S.Maria de Jesus _Totonicapam _Mazatenango _San Raimundo.

Chichicastenango is a town in the El Quiché department of Guatemala,

known for its traditional K'iche' Maya culture.

Chichicastenango is well known for its famous market days on Thursdays and Sundays

where vendors sell handicrafts, food, flowers, pottery, wooden boxes, condiments, medicinal plants, candles,

pom and copal (traditional incense), cal (lime stones for preparing tortillas), grindstones, pigs and chickens, machetes,

and other tools. In the central part of the market plaza are small eateries (comedores). Among the items sold are textiles, particularly the women's blouses. The manufacture of masks, used by dancers in traditional dances, such as the Dance of the Conquest, have also made this city well known for woodcarving.

The pictures on top show the women of the Chichicastenango Market, photographed by the artist and their unique hand embroidery fabric, that are from different villages and states of Guatemala:

_Nahuala _Ixtaguacetul _Ixtagacan _San Martin _Santa Caterina

_Sololà _Ixtatàn _Chela _Almalonga_Chichicastenango _Coyavar _Totonicapan

San Antonio Aguas Calientes: the backstrap weaving

San Antonio Aguas Calientes is a Guatemala town is known for its weavers. 

Mayan women in the area use a backstrap loom to weave traditional patterns.

 Backstrap weaving is an ancient art practiced for centuries in many parts of the world.

Peru, Guatemala, China, Japan, Bolivia, and Mexico are a few of the countries

where weavers use a type of backstrap loom.

Today it is still used on a daily basis, in many parts of Guatemala by Mayan women,

to weave fabric for their clothing and other needed household textiles.

The looms are simple - typically 6-7 rods- often handmade by the weaver.

A backstrap loom is easily portable because it can simply be rolled up and laid aside when not in use.

The back rod is tied to a tree or post while weaving and the other end has a strap that encircles the waist

or backside and the weaver can move back or forward to produce the needed tension. 

The backstrap weaver usually sits on the ground

but as the person ages that becomes more difficult and many will then use a small stool. 

In the next pictures we can see the women artisans in San Antonio Aguas Calientes at work. 

Weaving the World of Ancient Mayan Women

Weaving colorful cotton fabric was an art form among high ranking ancient Mayan women.

 Weaving fine clothing was the purview of noble women. 

Beautiful woven fabric was both an artistic expression and a source of wealth, often given as tribute to rulers. 

When marriages were negotiated, the bride's skill at weaving was an important factor in determining the marriage gifts to her family. Noble girls were taught to use the backstrap loom and to spin thread with whorls for making gauzy cotton and brocaded fabrics. All Maya women learned to weave, the commoners using lesser grade cotton and making simple garments.

Ancient Mayan art often shows women spinning and weaving with backstrap looms. 

In Maya books (called codices) are drawings of women using whorls to spin thread and working with a backstrap loom. 

Read  the full article at : http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/weaving-world-ancient-mayan-women-001976